The Complete Turf Buying Guide

The Complete Turf Buying Guide

Welcome to the ultimate turf buyers guide. Once you have finished this guide, you will know ALL the important factors to consider when purchasing a new lawn.

What this guide covers

  • Why Lay Turf?
  • Most Popular Turf Types
  • Natural Vs Artificial Turf
  • What Features Do you Need in a Turf Variety?
  • Choosing the Right Turf for Your Climate
  • Turf Prices & Finding the Right Supplier
  • Turf Prep & Installation

So, why lay turf?…

Why Turf?

Lawns are a lot more than just grass but an interaction between the natural environment and the constructed urban and suburban space.

Some of the benefits of laying turf:

  • Cooling Effect
  • Absorbs Pollutants
  • Reduce Noise in Urban Areas
  • Stress Relief & Mental Health
  • Increase Property Value

There are a variety of reasons you might want to lay a new lawn. Now let’s discover the top turf types on the market…

What Turf Types are Available?

Homeowners have a vast array of turf varieties available to choose from that suit many different conditions and lifestyle circumstances.

Some of the most popular turf types include:

1. Buffalo Turf

Buffalo lawns are one of the most common grasses on the market that look luscious, soft, green and are hard wearing as well as offer great shade tolerance.

As a warm-season grass, they are known for being distinctly green in colour, self-repairing and less invasive to garden edging compared to Couch or Kikuyu grasses.

Most Buffalo grasses are also low in maintenance and require minimum water, mowing and fertiliser.

As Buffalo grasses have a deep-rooted system, they can also be efficient water users – staying green longer in dry conditions.

Popular Buffalo Varieties

Popular Buffalo varieties include Prestige, Sapphire and Palmetto Soft Leaf Buffalo.

2. Zoysia Turf

Zoysia grasses, once established, are known for being low maintenance (less water, fertiliser, and mowing), as well as drought and wear tolerant.

Thanks to Zoysia’s deep-rooted, underground runner system they have the strength to endure heat, humidity, and sub-zero temperatures.

Zoysia grasses, while being tough and robust, also have a lush carpet-like dark green appearance.

Zoysia turf does best in full sun but can handle moderate shade.

Popular Zoysia Varieties

Popular Zoysia turf varieties include Augusta, Empire and Nara Native Zoysia.

3. Kikuyu Turf

myhomeTURF my lawn my lifestyle

Kikuyu grass is a true stalwart that is known for having a think mat layer and rapid growth which contributes to its quick recovery rate from high traffic.

Kikuyu turf provides a great option for lawns that endure lots of sports, play or pet activity.

These grasses also tolerate a wide range of soil conditions and are very drought tolerant thanks to Kikuyu turf’s prostrate runners and excellent growth rate.

Many homeowners also prefer Kikuyu because of its dense, bright green soft leaf which stays green longer in winter.

Most Kikuyu grasses do spread easily onto paths and invade garden areas so must be regularly maintained.

Popular Kenda Varieties

Kenda Kikuyu, however, is a sterile variety bred to not spread or produce seed head so is less invasive in garden areas and is good for allergy sufferers.

4. Couch Turf

Couch grass is one of the most popular Australian lawns due to its hardiness and drought tolerance.

Couch lawns are popular for sporting fields as they are soft to touch and underfoot but have robust roots to cope with wear and tear.

Homeowners prefer Couch lawns due to their natural dark green colour that is maintained during cooler months and even in poorer quality soils.

With a fine leaf blade, Couch turf is an ideal yard lawn for kids and pets and copes with the rough and tumble.

Popular Couch Varieties

Couch breeds such as OZTUFF Couch and Stadium Sports Couch have a dual purpose of being ideal for homeowners as a hard-wearing, good looking lawn or for sporting fields.

 

Natural Turf vs Artificial Turf… Which is Best?

It is hard to deny that a natural green lawn looks, feels and is good. But, in today’s fast-paced society, artificial turf can be considered the easy, low maintenance alternative, ultimately saving water, time and money.

Even with advances in technology and improved materials, artificial turf might look like an attractive option but you might be surprised to learn that it is actually more expensive to our environment, your health, your hip pocket and your property value than you think.

In addition, some artificial grass manufacturers recommend regularly applying water to counteract the high temperatures reached on hot days by artificial turf surfaces.

Did you know that artificial turf can be up to 30°C hotter than natural turf on a hot summers’ day?

What Features Do you Need in a Turf Variety?

When selecting a new lawn, first consider climate,  size, orientation and how you want to use your lawn.

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Below is a list of the top 6 turf features you need to consider when choosing a turf variety features below:

1. Shade Tolerance

Shade coverage is always a big feature to take into consideration when selecting a lawn type for your yard.

Overhanging eaves, trees and bushes which over the years will cause shade must all be considered when selecting a lawn type for your yard.

Also, before selecting a lawn, evaluate the amount of sunlight your yard receives a day – shade-tolerant grasses need at least three to four hours of direct sunlight a day.

The best shade tolerant turf varieties that tolerate high shade coverage are Buffalos, with both Sapphire and Prestige Soft Leaf Buffalo tolerating up to 70% shade coverage throughout the day.

The next best shade tolerant lawns are Zoysia grasses followed closely by Couch and Kikuyu.

2. Drought Tolerance  

Drought tolerant turf types have features allowing them to stay alive and green for a longer period under extended dry conditions. Drought tolerant lawns also are ideally suited for regions that do suffer from heavy water restrictions during summer.

The key feature of drought-tolerant lawns is an efficient root system that actively buries into the soil seeking and storing water during periods of extended dry.

Many drought-tolerant grasses also go dormant during dry periods as a way of protecting themselves and are then able to recover quickly when water is next available.

4. Low Maintenance 

Low maintenance turf types suit homeowners who lack the time to mow, fertilise and water their grass frequently but still want to enjoy the luxury of having their own lawn.

Generally, a low maintenance lawn has very slow-growing features and deep roots that seek out soil moisture.

Zoysia grasses are some of the best lawns for low maintenance due to their slow-growing and deep-rooted features and include Nara Native, Empire and Augusta. Buffalo grasses are also low maintenance options as they produce less thatch (low maintenance) and are less invasive to garden edging compared to Couch or Kikuyu.

5. Wear Tolerance / Hard Wearing  

If you want a wear tolerant lawn that will have high traffic, or wear and tear from either pets or kids be sure to select a deep-rooted grass that quickly recovers.

These sort of tough wearing lawns also have a dense cushion cover to protect them and produce a soft and lush feel to play on!

Kikuyu is a robust grass with a strong root system that grows vigorously and recovers from wear.

Couch turf also has high wear tolerance thanks to a moderate thatch layer that provides great wearability and recovery.

Buffalo grasses have deep root as well as fast-growing stolons and runners that enable it to recover quickly from wear.

Zoysia turf recovers quickly from wear and tear thanks to fast initial growth across the ground and highly branched runners that provide rapid recovery.

5. Leaf Blade

For many home-owners the look of your grass is important. Different types of grasses have different size of leaf. Katie to write copy

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6. Salt Tolerance  

Salt tolerant turf types are well suited to homeowners that either live on the coast, waterfront or have saline water conditions.

The beauty of salt-tolerant lawns is that they maintain their quality and green colour.

OZTUFF Couch is one of the highest salt-tolerant option on the market and has proven itself to handle saltwater levels 50% that of seawater.  

Choosing the Right Turf for Your Climate

Before any turf variety is chosen it is important to understand your local climate, as this affects the growing conditions of your new lawn.

So, which turf is best for your local climate?

Brisbane & QLD

When choosing a lawn for either south-east or northern Queensland it must-have features that cope with dry, sub-tropical to tropical conditions.

Most importantly when deciding which lawn will suit your QLD yard consider the amount of sun or shade your area receives and whether you want a drought-tolerant, robust variety of low maintenance.

⭐Link to Best Turf Types for Brisbane Climate

Sydney & NSW

With Sydney and NSW having climatic conditions varying from hot and humid to wet and cold there are a range of lawns suitable.

First consider how much water, sun and shade your area receives and based on these features chose the most appropriate grass – Buffalo, Zoysia, Couch or Kikuyu – all suitable turf types for Sydney and NSW.

Melbourne & VIC

Melbourne’s weather is different to both New South Wales and Queensland and predominantly has become quite wet in the spring and summer months with dryer, colder winters.

That said, the best grass varieties for Melbourne are Buffalo, Kikuyu, Couch and certain Zoysia grasses.

Remember to first consider how much water, sun and shade your area receives and based on these features chose the most appropriate lawn.

Adelaide & SA

Adelaideans need lawns that won’t brown-off with the occasional frost, but that will also be able to cope with the scorching, bone-dry temperatures of January through to March.

Remember to first consider key lawn features such as how much water, sun and shade your area receives and then select the most appropriate grass.

Two ideal lawn types for Adelaide are Buffalo or Kikuyu grasses.

Perth & WA

For Perth lawns, frosts are a rarity, with the very mild winters a trademark of Western Australia’s hot-summer Mediterranean climate with low humidity.

The best lawn options for Perth include Buffalo, Zoysia and Kikuyu as they suit the city’s harsh climate.

Before making any decisions about which lawn to grow in Perth first consider key characteristics such as how much water, sun and shade your area receives.

 

How Much Does Turf Cost? Pricing & Finding Suppliers

The cost of turf is based around the final quality product you as the customer expect to receive from our myhomeTURF suppliers. All turf bred by myhomeTURF suppliers is of the highest standard with a commitment to deliver service and assistance when required.  

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How Much Does it Cost to Lay Turf?

Many of our growers offer delivery and laying services. Find your local grower with our online supplier locator tool.

Generally, expect a delivery fee of approximately $90-$150 (depending on location and offloading conditions)  and a further $2/m2 for laying services (depending on site) *Exact costs can be confirmed when completing a myhomeTURF quote request.

To get more exact pricing info, get 3 quotes from your local growers today.

How Much Turf Do You Need?

When purchasing a new lawn make sure you measure your area correctly.

myhomeTURF provides an easy calculating tool for all shaped yards.

Don’t forget that when measuring how much lawn you need always order an extra 10% just in case you have areas that require off-cuts.

Turf Supplier Laying New LawnWhere to Find a Local Turf Supplier?

When it comes to turf, there’s no such thing as one size fits all solution.

myhomeTURF friendly suppliers can help you choose the right lawn for your home and lifestyle from our extensive network of turf growers – we can even arrange for three competitive quotes from suppliers near you.

Find your local grower with our online supplier locator tool. Or, get 3 quotes from local growers today.

 

Turf Prep & Installation – Should you DIY?

Many of myhomeTURF suppliers offer preparation, delivery and installation services.

Preparations costs depend on:

  • the amount of work required at the site (such as weed and debris removal)
  • ability to access the site
  • levelling and draining requirements
  • irrigation requirements
  • additional soil needs

When choosing this option as part of a myhomeTURF quote, our Suppliers will give an indicative price for this service. An on-site inspection may then be arranged to assess this indicative price. Please note that prices may vary depending on individual site circumstances.

If you decide to prepare and install your new lawn, remember good preparation leads to easy installation.

DIY Preparation

There are a few tools you need to make the process fun and easy.

The importance of preparing the site for your new lawn can never be overemphasised. Many suppliers can prepare, deliver and lay your new turf – always ask when you are ordering your turf.

If you are preparing your yard yourself, first make sure you eliminate all existing weeds, grasses, and rock debris. To avoid drainage issues, ensure the soil gradient slopes away from paths and buildings.

When preparing, be sure your soil type is suitable for your new lawn and ensure you have enough soil – at least 50mm to 100 mm deep – before laying.

Preparing your turf site (3-6 steps to prepare site for turf install)

Before installing you will need a hoe or sprayer to eliminate all existing weeds and grasses.

A wheelbarrow and shovel will help remove old lawn and debris.

To ensure a smooth even soil site use a rake and roller to prepare the site. Also use a spirit level to ensure the gradient of the soil is sloping away from paths and buildings.

⭐Link to Articles – Checklist for site and soil lawn preparation, Preparing Clay Soil for new Buffalo Lawn

  • Calculate your turf (take them back up previous section).

Once your site is prepared for the new lawn – measure the entire section so you can then have your myhomeTURF supplier send you a quote.

  • DIY Laying your Turf
  • It is essential to lay your new lawn as soon as it arrives. First lightly moisten the soil and then begin installing following the longest straight line such as a fence or paver. Lay turf in a brick pattern (stagger joins) ensuring that each join is tightly bound together with no overlapping. To trim corners use a shovel or large sharp knife. Once your new lawn is completely laid, use a roller to ensure soil to turf contact.

    ⭐Link to article – Step by Step DIY guide for laying a new lawn

    • DIY Lawn Care for Newly Installed lawn 

    The highest requirement for watering a new lawn is in the first week. Watering can then be stepped down and reduced as the following weeks progress and the root system of the lawn becomes more established.

    New lawns which are laid during the heat of summer require the most water – up to 4 times a day in the first week.

    In warmer weather (high 20°s to early 30°s Celsius) new lawn needs to be watered less frequently – 3 times a day.

    If laid in cooler weather the new lawn requires less water again – as low as 1 – 2 watering’s a day

    During cool rainy weather, no extra watering of the new lawn is required in addition to what it is already being naturally received from the rain.

    Watering your new lawn – the dos and don’ts

myhomeTURF supplier send you a quote.

DIY Laying your Turf

  • It is essential to lay your new lawn as soon as it arrives. First lightly moisten the soil and then begin installing following the longest straight line such as a fence or paver. Lay turf in a brick pattern (stagger joins) ensuring that each join is tightly bound together with no overlapping. To trim corners use a shovel or large sharp knife. Once your new lawn is completely laid, use a roller to ensure soil to turf contact.

    ⭐Link to article – Step by Step DIY guide for laying a new lawn

    The highest requirement for watering a new lawn is in the first week. Watering can then be stepped down and reduced as the following weeks progress and the root system of the lawn becomes more established.

    New lawns which are laid during the heat of summer require the most water – up to 4 times a day in the first week.

    In warmer weather (high 20°s to early 30°s Celsius) new lawn needs to be watered less frequently – 3 times a day.

    If laid in cooler weather the new lawn requires less water again – as low as 1 – 2 watering’s a day

    During cool rainy weather, no extra watering of the new lawn is required in addition to what it is already being naturally received from the rain.

    Watering your new lawn – the dos and don’ts

DIY Lawn Care for Newly Installed lawn 

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